Why do my gums hurt – Reasons they hurt and how to stop the pain

Why do my Gums Hurt, Problems & Solutions

   Looking after your teeth and your gums is an important part of your oral health regime. When most people think of looking after their oral health, preventing tooth decay comes to mind but they do not really see the importance of looking after their gums. However, it is vital to look after your gums as gum tissue is the main part of your body that protects and looks after your teeth.

Reasons your gums hurt

  Why do my gums hurt is a common question that people with hurting gums may ask themselves. There are many reasons why your gums might be hurting. Here is a list of some of the reasons for hurting gums and even how to reduce any discomfort or damage caused.

  • Reasons such as brushing your teeth or gums with great force which may cause teeth to hurt after cleaning
  • Having poor dental hygiene may cause gingivitis which is a form of gum disease
  • Changes in hormonal levels
  • Using certain foods or oral constructions that reside in your mouth, such as braces or dentures etc.
why do my gums hurt

   You may be trying to keep your teeth clean by brushing your teeth very hard but this poses several problems as, at times, teeth hurt after cleaning has happened. The main problem relating to gums is that they are comprised of tissue that can be damaged very easily if you brush them with great force1.

  In addition to the problem of rough brushing hurting your gums, tooth enamel can be worn away following severe brushing. I know this as it has happened to my father and partially happened to me

  If this is to happen to you, you will no longer have that white smile which is so attractive for things such job interviews or just to be proud of that your smile is nice and white etc.

How to prevent further damage

   A simple thing you can do which will prevent damage or further damage to your gums, still involves brushing, but doing so with less force. This will help to reduce damage by being a lot lighter on your gums1. If using fluoride toothpaste, this will still coat your teeth with fluoride to prevent tooth decay from forming and even a light brush is still strong enough to remove most food particles.

  For those persistent pieces of food that get stuck in your teeth, a light floss can be employed. It is even possible that being vigorous causes bleeding gums when brushing teeth. You want to avoid all these things and look after your gums by ensuring that you are brushing your teeth softly1

Bleeding gums

  As well as causing pain, gums can even bleed as a result of brushing teeth. There are numerous reasons why gums bleed when brushing teeth. Several reasons are of a temporary nature and not much of a concern but some reasons, such as gum disease create more alarm and are worthy of a trip to the dentist to investigateoral6.

  The initial stage of gum disease is called Gingivitis. You might be a little unsure what gingivitus is so here is a quick definition. Gingivitus is plaque remaining on your teeth or sitting at your gumline which is not removed by normal brushing or flossing. You can click here to read more about gingivitus. This can cause infection of the gums and result in symptoms of gingivitis. In the case of gingivitis occuring, gums can become tender, swollen and can bleed at times after brushing6.

   According to www.webmd.com, a large proportion, 3/4 of American adults over 35 years of age have gum disease. A major cause of this is when people fail to implement proper dental hygiene in their daily routines. Plague on the teeth is caused by Bacteria in the mouth. Therefore, if your gums are red, bleeding or swollen, bacteria might have caused it1.

  The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research states that a build up of plague deposits can have a negative impact on your gums. Tartar can form on your teeth and as a result of plague, deposits aren’t removed daily. This tartar can aggravate your gums and result in gum disease forming2.

Home remedies for bleeding gums and dental hygiene

  People can look after their dental hygiene quite simply by doing the following.

  • Brushing at least twice a day is a good start and flossing once a day.
  • Make sure you use soft toothbrushes as the bristles are not so rough on your gums and less likely to cause damage.
  • You must brush your teeth and gums carefully to ensure all of the areas are brushed. It should not be a quick job, but you should take time to ensure the job is done correctly.
  • Make sure you are brushing with fluoridated toothpaste which helps you prevent decay.
  • Many things such as dental hygiene can be looked after by controlling our diet.
  • If you do consume any acidic drinks, you must try and limit the quantity of acidic drinks such as fruit juices, soft drinks and cordials. Acidic foods/drinks can soften material a tooth is made of and additionally, can break down minerals contained in tooth enamel, resulting in holes. These holes can be eaten through the teeth and right down to the gums, in extreme cases.
  • You must try and not consume much food that is high in sugar.
  • If a tooth is knocked out, to preserve it, hold it in the socket is was knocked out of and seek medical advice ASAP. If it isn’t possible to hold your tooth in the socket, place the tooth in milk or wrap it in plastic and seek medical advice quickly.
  • Help prevent harm coming to your teeth when playing sport by using a mouth guard or a helmet that covers your whole head.

Hormones and your gums

  Changes in hormonal levels that are unique to women can make them prone to problems. Hormones effect how the body responds to toxins that are a result of plaque build up. In addition, they also effect the blood that is supplied to the gum tissue. Women are more likely to develop oral health problems, including gum disease at certain points in the lives as a result of the above changes4. Click here to read about how the oral health needs of a woman changes at different stages of her life.

Dentures and bleeding gums

  Structures that reside in your mouth, such as dentures, can cause gums to hurt. Sore gums may be caused if you don’t properly care for your dentures. Caring for them involves removing them at night when you sleep in order that saliva can have the chance to flow through the mouth and cleanse it naturally. This will help keep gum soreness to a minimum5.

There are a number of factors that can cause sore gums, leading to discomfort and pain. Maintaining your oral health is a really good method to avoid pain and I have a really good way to do this. I take a fish oil supplement that I find is extremely good for my oral and overall health.


  Our modern diets lack many of the nutrients and vitamins our bodies need to function. When our diets are lacking certain vitamins we need, our bodies pull the vitamins from our teeth and this is what causes tooth decay. All tooth decay is, is a lack of vitamins/minerals in our teeth. I currently take a supplement to reverse and prevent tooth decay. This supplement would help alleviate some of the causes of gum pain. If you would like to read some more about or even buy some of this fish oil, I have written a review outlining the benefits and how it could be of help to you and you can read it by clicking here.

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1 http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/gum-problem-basics-sore-swollen-and-bleeding-gums

2 http://www.livestrong.com/article/182090-why-do-my-teeth-gums-hurt/

3 https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/ten-tips/10-tips-to-look-after-your-teeth

4 http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/hormones-oral-health

5 http://denturehealthcare.com.au/blog/5-best-ways-treat-denture-pain/

6 http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/gum-disease/article/5-causes-of-bleeding-gums-you-should-know-0613

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